Thyroid Disorder


Your thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland in your neck, just above your collarbone. It is one of your endocrine glands, which make hormones. Thyroid hormones control the rate of many activities in your body. These include how fast you burn calories and how fast your heart beats. All of these activities are your body’s metabolism.

Thyroid problems include

Goiter – enlargement of the thyroid gland

Hyperthyroidism – when your thyroid gland makes more thyroid hormones than your body needs

Hypothyroidism – when your thyroid gland does not make enough thyroid hormones

Thyroid cancer

Thyroid nodules – lumps in the thyroid gland

Thyroiditis – swelling of the thyroid

To diagnose thyroid diseases, doctors use a medical history, physical exam, and thyroid tests.

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