The pulse diagnosis in Ayurveda is prevalent since thousand of thousands year ago. In ancient time it was the unique method of diagnosis which was used by Ayurvedic Acharya, although there is no detail description in Brahtraya about Nadi pariksha. Acharya Sharangdhara was the first scholar who has described Nadi pariksha in detail.
In Ayurveda system of medicine there is detail description about its diagnostic method through Asthavidha Roga Pariksha:-
Eight fold of examination
- Nadi (Pulse Examination).
- Mutra (Urine Examination.
- Mala (Stool Examination).
- Jivha (Tongue Examination).
- Shabda (Voice Examination).
- Sparsha (Skin Examination).
- Drika (Eye Examination).
- Akriti (general appearance of examination).
In which Acharyas has clearly indicated to first of all examine the Nadi. One of the example in the context is prevalent when Lakshman was injured by shakti bana lord hanuman called Sushena Vaidya for proper investigation and treatment. He examined the pulse of the Lakshman and prescribed the Sanjivani booti for proper treatment as a medicine. Lakshman was cured. There are so many example mentioned in the Ayurvedic literature about Nadi pariksha which was more prevalent in ancient system of medicine.
In Charaka Samhita, Sushruta Samhita, Asthanga Haridya there is no description about pulse diagnosis in Ayurveda. Pulse situated at the wrist signifies the presence of life the physician should examined the normal and abnormal health by its activities.
Identification of normal Nadi-normal Nadi means which is easily palpable, clear in sound situated in its own situation speed neither slow nor fast with identification of normal Nadi (pulse). Precaution during Nadi pariksha-physician should be free from mental tension and anxiety should be purely devoted toward the patient.